At that time, as at the very start of the Dutch revolt, there was a more royalist camp and a more republican camp and despite the fact that the Prince of Orange held what was essentially a republican political office, Maurits van Nassau took a very monarchist view of things when it came to preserving the House of Orange and their place in The Netherlands. His successor was his half-brother Prince Frederik Hendrik who was also quite successful as Prince of Orange and Stadtholder. He won some great military victories and secured peace with Spain. Observers looking in on how he lived and how he was treated by the people could be forgiven for supposing him to have been a monarch. He was under no illusions about the nature of his position and arranged for his son and heir to marry the eldest daughter of the British monarch to bind the House of Orange to the House of Stuart. It was also under Prince Frederik Hendrik that the Orange/anti-Orange, royalist/republican divide began to really strongly take shape and lead to political confrontations.
Willem III was a proud Dutch patriot and an ardent Calvinist who greatly impressed King Charles II, so much so that he tipped him off to the plan of King Louis XIV of France to conquer The Netherlands. He even considered allying with the Orange party to defeat the republican faction and see Willem III become a full-fledged monarch. That did not come about but the Orange party rose in prestige as Prince Willem III led a tenacious defense of his country against the French. He finally secured peace with France and a marriage alliance with Britain by marrying the daughter of the Duke of York. Then, most famously, in 1688 he was invited by English elites to mount a Dutch invasion of Britain to overthrow his father-in-law, then King James II, which he did in what has since become known as the “Glorious Revolution”. In the aftermath the Prince of Orange became King William III of Great Britain alongside his wife Queen Mary II. William was most concerned with his own country and paid little notice to the precedent this set in Britain where, for the first time, it was asserted that the Crown was in the gift of Parliament and that monarchs no longer reigned by “divine right”.
Spurred on by revolutionary movements in America and France, the anti-Orange party took to calling themselves the Patriots and became ever bolder in their opposition to Willem V. Eventually, confrontations broke out between the Dutch army and the Patriots but it was not until the intervention of King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia that they were totally cleared out. The Prussian army marched in, dispersed the Patriots and sent them fleeing to France where they were harbored by King Louis XVI (at least until he was overthrown by the French compatriots of the very people he had helped). Aroused to the danger of republicanism, though he was himself still technically the leader of a republic, Prince Willem V was quick to join the allied war effort against the revolutionary First French Republic in 1793. However, things did not go well and in time French revolutionary forces, aided by Dutch republicans, invaded and occupied The Netherlands. Prince Willem V fled to Great Britain and it was the French, ironically, who abolished the Dutch republic, replacing it with one of their own until Napoleon gave the Dutch his brother as monarch.